The arctic fox is native to Labrador and occasionally arrives on the Island via pack ice in Winter and Spring.
Arctic fox prefer barren lands, where snow is hard and shallow, as well as around the tops of ponds or river banks.
Arctic foxes are found throughout the northern barren lands of the world. Their range in Canada extends from the northern tip of Ellesmere Island, south to the Southern limit of the barren grounds.
Food preference of arctic hares varies throughout its range. They will eat lemmings, mice, nesting and molting birds eggs and flightless young. In marine areas, small marine animals and fish make up their diet. They will eat the remains of seals and seal pups if stranded on an ice floe at sea. They often follows polar bears to scavenge on seal kill remains.
Wolves will occasionally prey on arctic foxes. Golden eagles and bears also pose a threat to young because they can dig them out from the den.
Arctic foxes live for 3 or 4 years in the wild and up to 14 years in captivity.
In winter, the arctic fox has a thick white coat. In May, they shed to a two-tone brown fur. Some arctic foxes have a heavy, pale bluish-gray coat in summer (blue fox). They have a compact body, short snout and small ears to minimize heat loss. A thick coat and padded feet help it keep insulated throughout the year; they rarely have to seek shelter, even in winter.
Two months before the end of winter, arctic fox start to pair up for mating. The gestation period is between 51-57 days. The mating pair stay together throughout pregnancy and raising of young. An average litter of 11 pups is born in late May/early June.
Pups average (.13 lbs)(57 g) at birth; Adults average (5.5 - 20 lbs)(2.5 - 9 kg) and measure (2.6 - 4 ft)(75 - 115 cm) in length.